Some observations relating to Kikkuli

December 9, 2018


Silver horn-shaped drinking vessel (rhyton) is shaped in the form of a bull Hittite Empire Date: ca. 14th–13th century B.C.

Arvind Vyas One of the most discussed horse training manual is by Kikkuli, who was a Mitannic in service of Hittite empire. This is established with the first line of the text that reads: UM-MAI Ki-ik-ku-li li LÚ a-aš -šu-uš -ša-an-ni ŠAKUR URU Mi-it-ta-an-ni “Thus [speaks] Kikkuli, the horse trainer from the land [of] Mitanni” […]

Posted in: Linguistics

Arbuda in Vedic Literature

January 8, 2019


Changing meaning of Arbuda in Vedic texts.

Posted in: Linguistics, Vedic

The Kapíñjala or Śákunta bird

January 4, 2019


With a comprehensive study of references of Vedic burd Kapíñjala or Śákunta(ka) in the Vedas and associated Bahmana and Sutra texts identified as Chataka.

Posted in: Linguistics, Vedic

गोकुल (Gokula) and βουκόλος (bokolos)

December 30, 2018


गोकुल (Gokula) and βουκόλος (/boː.kó.los/) Both these words mean cow-herd. In Indian tradition Gokula (गोकुल) is related to lord Kṛṣṇa, whereas in Greek tradition a follower of Dionysus (Διόνυσος) is called Vokolos / Bokolos (βουκόλος). गोकुल (Gokula) or βουκόλος (/boː.kó.los/) However, the primary use of greek word is to denote a cow-herder; which also means […]

Posted in: Linguistics, Vedic

Parjánya and *perkʷunos

December 28, 2018


Arvind Vyas Parjánya, One of the important Vedic deities, is the god of thunder and rains, nourishment and fertility. Parjánya is one of the old Vedic gods, whose popularity appears to have diminished after many of the aspects of his character were assigned to Indra. Here we examine the antiquity of Parjánya in Indo-European tradition […]

Posted in: Linguistics, Vedic

Representation of Dadhyañč myth in IVC

December 22, 2018


Pottary Graffiti (Sign 48), Kalibangan

Dadhyanch (dadhyañč), Dadhyach (Dadhyač), Dadhyang (Dadhyaŋ) or Dadhicha (dadhīca) is famous for donating his ribs to fabricate the Vajra for Indra. Though, Dadhyach (dadhyāč) is not a Ṛgvedic mantradṛṣṭā ṛṣi, he is a major mantradṛṣṭā ṛṣi for Śukla Yajurveda (Vājasaneyi-Saṃhitā), he visualized last five chapters of Vājasaneyi-Saṃhitā, where he is known as Dadhyang Atharvan (dadhyaŋ […]

Posted in: IVC, Linguistics, Vedic

Kṛttikā, Pleiades and how not to cook PIE

December 16, 2018


Pleiades or Kṛttikā

This is a humorous attempt for PIE reconstruction in all seriousness to demonstrate what not to do, even when it seem to be falling in place.

Posted in: Linguistics

Parkaṭī and Banyan

December 15, 2018


A Banyan

In my earlier post Parkaṭī, Plakṣá and their descendants, I proposed the word ‘baragada’ as descendent of Parkaṭī. This post explains though, it seems a possibility, what my proposal lacks to consider the etymology of ‘baragada’ from Parkaṭī. I am thankful to Martin Kümmel, Stephen Durnford and Rémy Viredaz for their valuable comments. Martin Kümmel […]

Posted in: Linguistics